Marine Biology
Selected Marine Species

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Selected Marine Species (191)
PHYLUM > Taxonomy GENUS SPECIES COMMON NAME
Rhodophyta > Class Florideophyceae > Order Corallinales (Red Algae)
Corallina chilensis Coralline Algae - Articulated
Corallina gracilisCoralline Algae - Crustose
Rhodymenia californicaRed Algae (dichotomous branches)
Phaeophyta > Class Phaeophyceae > Order Laminariales (Brown Algae)
Egregia menziessiFeather Boa Kelp
Eisenia arboreaSouthern Sea Palm
Laminaria setchelliiLaminaria
Macrocystis pyriferaGiant Bladder Kelp
Nereocystis leutkeanaBull Kelp
Pelagophycus porraElk Kelp
Postelsia palmaeformisSea Palm (Central Caifornia)
Chlorophyta > Class Ulvophyceae (Green Algae)
Phyllospadix scouleriEel Grass
Ulva expansaSea Lettuce
Dinoflagellata > Order Gonyaulacales (Gonyaulax)
Ceratium ranipesGrow Fingers Dinoflagellate
Lingulodinium polyedraGonyaulax (Red Tide)
Dinoflagellata > Order Noctilucales (Sea Sparkles)
Noctiluca scintillans Sea Sparkle (Bioluminescent)
Bryozoa (Bryozoans) Membranipora membranices Encrusting Colonial Bryozoan
Porifera > Class Demospongiae (Sponges)
Acarnus erithacus Red Volcano Sponge
Cliona celataYellow Boring Sponge
Craniella arbGrey Puffball Sponge
Hymenamphiastra cyanocryptaBlue Encrusting Sponge
Isodictyia quatsinoensisYellow Finger Sponge
Spheciospongia confoederataGrey Moon Sponge
Tethya aurantiumOrange Puffball Sponge
Tethya spp.Grey Ball Sponge
Ctenophora > Order Cydippida > Family Pleurobrachiidae (Sea Walnuts)
Pleurobrachia bachei Sea Gooseberry
Cnidaria > Class Anthozoa (Anemones, Corals)
Adelogorgia phyllosciera Orange Gorgonian
Anthopleura elegantissimaElegant Cloning Anemone
Anthopleura solaStarburst Anemone
Anthopleura xanthogrammicaGiant Green Anemone
Corynactis californicusClub-footed Anemone
Eugorgia rubensPurple Gorgonian
Lophogorgia chilensisRed Gorgonian
Metridium senileGiant White Filtering Anemone
Muricea californicaCalifornia Gorgonian
Muricea fructicosaBrown Gorgonian
Pachycerianthus fimbriatusTube Dwelling Anemone
Urticina crassicornis**Christmas (Painted) Anemone
Urticina piscivoraFish Eating Anemone
** formerly Tealia spp.
Cnidaria > Class Cubozoa (Box Jellies)
Chironex fleckeri Sea Wasp Box Jelly
Cnidaria > Class Hydrozoa (Hydroids)
Aglaophenia struthionides Ostrich Plume Hydroid
Plumularia (Family) Hydrozoan Colony
Virgularia schultzeiFeathery Sea Pen
Cnidaria > Class Scyphozoa (Jellyfishes)
Aurellia aurita Giant Moon Jelly
Chrysaora colorataGiant Purple-Striped Jellyfish
Chrysaora fuscescensPacific Sea Nettle
Pelagia panopyraGiant Purple Jelly
Physalia physalisPortuguese Man o' War
Vellela vellelaBy-The-Wind Sailor Jellyfish
Mollusca > Class Bivalvia (Clams, Scallops, Oysters, Mussels)
Chaceia ovoidea Wart Neck Piddock Clam
Crassadoma giganteaRock Scallop
Crassostrea gigasPacific Oyster
Mytilus californianusCalifornia Mussel
Tivela stultorumPismo Clam
Mollusca > Class Gastropoda (Abalones, Snails, Octopii, Squids, Cuttlefish)
Aplysia californica Sea Hare
Astraea undosaWavy Top
Calliostoma annulatumJeweled Top Snail
Cypraea spadiceaChestnut Cowry
Fissurella volcanoVolcano Limpet
Haliotis cracherodiiBlack Abalone
Haliotis currugataPink Abalone
Haliotis fulgensGreen Abalone
Haliotis rufescensRed Abalone
Haliotis sorenseniWhite Abalone
Liottia giganteaCommon Owl Limpet
Macklintockia scabraRough Limpet
Megathura crenulataGiant Keyhole Limpet
Tegula funebralisBlack Turban Snail
Tonicella lineataLined Chiton
Mollusca > Class Gastropoda > clade Nudibranchia (Nudibranchs)
Corambe steinbergae Bryozoan Eating Nudibranch
Diaulula sandiegensisSan Diego Dorid Nudibranch
Doris montereyensisSea Lemon
Flabellinopsis iodineaSpanish Shawl Nudibranch
Phidiana hiltoniHilton's Aeolid
Trotonia festivaFestive Nudibranch
Echinodermata > Subphylum Asterozoa > Class Ophiuroidea (Brittle Stars)
Ophiurida (Order) The Brittle Stars
Echinodermata > Subphylum Asterozoa > Class Asteroidea (Starfish)
Astrometis sertulifera Rainbow Star
Patiria miniataBat Star
Pisaster brevispinusPink Starfish
Pisaster giganteaGiant Blue Starfish
Pisaster ochraceusCommon Starfish
Pycnopodia helianthoidesSun Star
Echinodermata > Subphylum Echinozoa > Class Echinodea (Urchins, Sand Dollars)<
Centrostephanus coronatus Coronado Crowned Sea Urchin
Dendraster excentricusSand Dollar
Parastichopus parvimensis Sea Cucumber
Psolus chitinoidesCreeping Sea Cucumber
Mesocentrotus franciscanus *Red Sea Urchin
Stronglyocentrotus purpuratusPurple Sea Urchin
Echinodermata > Subphylum Echinozoa > Class Holothuroidea (Sea Cucumbers)
Parastichopus parvimensis Common Sea Cucumber
Psolus chitinoidesCreeping Sea Cucumber
* Mesocentrotus franciscanus was reclassified from Stronglyocentrotus franciscanus in 1993
Annelida > Class Polychaeta > Family Serpulidae (Tube Worms)
Eudistylia polymorpha Feather Duster Worm
Spirobranchus giganteusChristmas Tree Worm
Arthropoda > Subphylum Crustacea > Order Decapoda (Crabs, Shrimp, Lobsters)
Balanus trigonus Triangle Barnacle
Loxorhynchus grandisSheep Crab
Pachygrapsus crassipesStriped (Lined) Shore Crab
Pagurus samuelisBlueband Hermit Crab
Pugettia productaNorthern Kelp Crab
Panulirus interruptusCalifornia Spiny Lobster
Chordata > Sub-Phylum Tunicata (Tunicates, Sea Salps)
Cyclosalpa affinis Pelagic Tunicate, Sea Salp
Styela montereyensisStalked Tunicate
Chordata > Superclass Chondrichthyes (Sharks, Rays)
Heterodontus francisci Horn Shark
Myliobatis californicaBat Ray
Rhinobatos productusShovelnose Guitarfish
Tetronarce californicaPacific Electric Ray
Triakis semifasciataLeopard Shark
Urobatis halleriCalifornia Round Stingray
Chordata > Superclass Osteichthyes (Bony Fishes)
Anarrhichthys ocellatus Wolf Eel
Cebidichthys violaceusMonkeyface Eel (Prickleback)
Chromis punctipinnisBlacksmith Fish (Black Damselfish)
Citharichthys sordidusPacific Sanddab
Citharichthys stigmaeusSpeckled Sanddab
Enchelycore schismatorhynchusFunnel Nostril Moray Eel
Girella nigricansOpaleye
Heterostichus rostratusGiant Kelpfish
Hippoglossus stenolepisPacific Halibut
Hypsypops rubicundusGaribaldi
Lythrypnus dalliBluebanded Goby
Mola molaOcean Sunfish
Neoclinus blanchardiSarcastic Fringehead
Ophiodon elongatusLingcod
Oxyjulius californicaSeñorita Fish
Oxylebius pictusPainted Greenling (Convict Fish)
Paralabrax clathratusKelp Bass
Pimelometopon pulchrumSheephead
Rhinogobiops nicholsiiBlackeye Goby
Scorpaena mystesPacific Spotted Scorpionfish
Scorpaenichthys marmoratusCabezon
Sebastes spp. (Rockfish) See All 56 Local Rockfish Species below ↓
Trachurus symmetricusPacific Jack Mackerel
Chordata > Class Mammalia > Infraorder Cetacea (Whales, Dolphins)
Balaenoptera musculuss Blue Whale
Delphinus delphisCommon Dolphin
Eschrichtius robustusCalifornia Gray Whale
Physeter macrocephalusSperm Whale
Ziphius cavirostris Cuvier's Beaked Whale
Deepest diving marine mammal ~ 3,000+ meters!
Chordata > Class Mammalia > Infraorder Arctoidea > Clade Pinnepedia (Seals, Sea Lions)
Mirounga angustirostris Northern Elephant Seal
Mirounga leoninaSouthern Elephant Seal
Phoca vitulinaHarbor Seal
Zalophus californianusStellar Sea Lion
Sebastes spp. (Rockfish) ~ 56 Species
PHYLUM > Superclass GENUS species COMMON NAME
Chordata > Osteichthyes Sebastes atrovirens Kelp Rockfish
Sebastes auriculatusBrown Rockfish
Sebastes auroraAurora Rockfish
Sebastes babcockiRedbanded Rockfish
Sebastes brevispinisSilvergray Rockfish
Sebastes carnatusGopher Rockfish
Sebastes caurinusCopper Rockfish
Sebastes chlorostictusGreenspotted Rockfish
Sebastes chrysomelas Black and Yellow Rockfish
Sebastes constellatusStarry Rockfish
Sebastes crameriDarkblotched Rockfish
Sebastes dalliCalico Rockfish
Sebastes elongatusGreenstriped Rockfish
Sebastes ensiferSwordspine Rockfish
Sebastes entomelasWidow Rockfish
Sebastes eosPink Rockfish
Sebastes flavidusYellowtail Rockfish
Sebastes gilliBronzespotted Rockfish
Sebastes glaucusGray Rockfish
Sebastes goodeiChilipepper
Sebastes helvomaculatusRosethorn Rockfish
Sebastes hopkinsiSquarespot Rockfish
Sebastes jordaniShortbelly Rockfish
Sebastes lentiginosusFreckled Rockfish
Sebastes levisCowcod
Sebastes maligerQuillback Rockfish
Sebastes melanopsBlack Rockfish
Sebastes melanosemaSemaphore Rockfish
Sebastes melanostomusBlackgill Rockfish
Sebastes miniatusVermillion Rockfish
Sebastes mystinusBlue Rockfish
Sebastes nebulosusChina Rockfish
Sebastes nigrocinctusTiger Rockfish
Sebastes notiusSouthern Rockfish
Sebastes ovalisSpeckled Rockfish
Sebastes paucispinusBocaccio
Sebastes phillipsiChameleon Rockfish
Sebastes pinnigerCanary Rockfish
Sebastes prorigerRedstripe Rockfish
Sebastes rastrelligerGrass Rockfish
Sebastes reediYellowmouth Rockfish
Sebastes rosaceusRosy Rockfish
Sebastes rosenblattiGreenblotched Rockfish
Sebastes ruberrimusYelloweye Rockfish
Sebastes rubrivinctusGreenblotched Rockfish
Sebastes rufinanusDwarf Red Rockfish
Sebastes rufusBank Rockfish
Sebastes saxicolaStripetail Rockfish
Sebastes semicinctusHalfbanded Rockfish
Sebastes serranoidesOlive Rockfish
Sebastes serricepsTreefish
Sebastes simulatorPinkrose Rockfish
Sebastes umbrosusHoneycomb Rockfish
Sebastes variegatusHarlequin Rockfish
Sebastes wilsoniPygmy Rockfish
Sebastes zacentrusSharpchin Rockfish